LANDura Appraisal Company has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Describe an appraisal
Describe an appraisal(List of questions) An appraiser provides an evaluation that produces an opinion of value. There are three "common approaches to value" which helps the real estate appraiser arrive at this opinion or estimate. One of the processes in use is the Cost Approach, which finds what it would cost to replace the improvements to the house, minus age and physical dilapidation, plus the land value. The Sales Comparison Approach involves searching for comparable homes nearby and discerning value based on making a comparison of those houses to the property being appraised. Being the most common approach, the Sales Comparison Approach is considered the most precise and best indicator of market value for a residence. The Income Approach is primarily used for determining the market value of income-producing properties based on what an investor would pay based on the amount of income a property produce.
What does an appraiser do?(List of questions) An appraiser forumlates a professional, unbiased determination of market value, often in the context of a real estate exchange. Appraisers summarize their expert analysis in appraisal reports.
Why would someone need a real estate appraisal?(List of questions) There are a lot of reasons to order an appraisal from LANDura Appraisal Company with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for getting an appraisal report include:
Is an appraisal the same as a home inspection? (List of questions)Appraisers do not do perform home inspections and are not home inspectors. An inspection is a third-party evaluation of the accessible structure and systems of a property, from the top to the foundation. Commonly, a home inspection report will evaluate the amenities and the necessities of the home: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical services, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural capacity of the home such as the attic, exposed insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and other visible structures.
What is the difference between an appraisal and a comparative market analysis (CMA)?(List of questions) Simply put, it's like comparing sugar and saccharin. The CMA utilizes market trends to generate most of their business. An appraisal is based on comparable sales that can be proven by public record. Area and construction prices are also precedent in an appraisal. The CMA will provide a non-specific figure. An appraisal delivers a defensible and carefully documented opinion of value.
Who's creating the report is actually the biggest difference between a CMA and an appraisal. A CMA is created by a real estate agent who may or may not be trained in technical valuation concepts or even have a handle on market trends. A certified, state licensed professional who has formed their livelihood on valuing properties in and around Bexar County creates the appraisal. Likewise, the agent has something at stake since they get a commission based on the property's selling price - their commission - whereas the appraiser is bound by a code of ethics to accept a previously agreed upon fee for work they perform, regardless of their value conclusion.
What can I expect to see in my appraisal report? (List of questions)Each appraisal must reflect a supported estimate of value and will identify the following:
Once the assignment has been completed, what guarantee is there that the final number is veritable?(List of questions) In communicating an appraisal report, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who are an appraiser's customers?(List of questions) Commonly, appraisers are called upon by lenders to render a value opinion on a house involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the real estate is truly adequate collateral for the loan. Appraisers also provide opinions in litigation cases, tax matters and investment decisions.
Where does an appraiser get the data used to estimate values in Bexar County or other areas?(List of questions) Compiling information is one of the main things an appraiser engages in. Data can be categorized as either Specific or General. Specific data is taken from the property itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specifics are documented by the appraiser while on site.
General data is gathered from a numerous places. To find out about recent sales to be used as "comps", we typically use the local Multiple Listing Service. To double-check actual sales prices, we look at items in the assessor's office and other public documents. Appraisers often have to report when a property is in a flood zone, so that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood product.
And most importantly, the appraiser assimilates general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from doing assignments for other houses in the same market.
Why should I hire a licensed appraiser?(List of questions) Any time the value of your home or other real property is being used to make a significant financial decision, an appraisal helps. For those selling a home, you'll want to figure out the price that gets you the most profit but doesn't leave your home on the market too long; an appraisal can help with that. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. Simply put, a home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Without knowing its real value, wise financial decisions are impossible.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(List of questions) PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. This supplementary policy guards the lender in case a borrower is unable to pay on the loan and the value of the property is lower than what the borrower still owes on the loan. Once you can prove the amount you owe on your home is less than 80% of the home's market value, you can make a case to your lender to drop the PMI.
How do I get ready for the appraiser?(List of questions) The first step in most appraisals is the home inspection. What this entails is the appraiser, after setting up an appointment, personally going through the home - recording the layout of the rooms, taking photos and documenting the general condition of its amenities. On the home's interior, make sure it is clutter free and that we can get to things like furnaces and water heaters. On the outside, trim any landscaping so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of exterior walls.
The following items, if available, will help your appraiser to provide a more accurate appraisal in a shorter period of time:
What does "Market Value" mean?(List of questions) In real estate appraising, Market Value is commonly defined as:
Who has rights to the appraisal report?(List of questions) For mortgage transactions, the lender requests the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is certainly entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not allowed to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
It's different when it's the homeowner engaging the appraiser for things outside securing a mortgage. In these cases, the appraiser may stipulate the purpose of the appraisal; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
I want to get more for my house. Where should I spend money renovating?(List of questions) The answer to this is different depending upon the location of the home. For example, if you live in a cold region, insulated windows can be a real plus. But they aren't as attractive in a warm-weather climate.
As a rule, the most value returned from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms are right up there with kitchens, yielding 85%. On the contrary, something that may not increase your value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.